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Colors in Bahasa Indonesia

As the title suggests, this lesson emphasizes the names of colors in bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian).

Here are some basic colors or also known as primary colors

ENGLISH BAHASA INDONESIA SYLLABLE
red merah me-rah
orange orange o-rens
yellow kuning ku-ning
green hijau hi-jaw
blue biru bi-ru
violet ungu u-ngu
purple ungu u-ngu
black hitam hi-tam
white putih pu-tih
gray abu-abu a-bu a-bu

For the more specific colors, Indonesian recognizes terms "tua" to refers to dark colors and "muda" to refers to light colors. Let's see some examples.

ENGLISH BAHASA INDONESIA SYLLABLE
dark red merah tua me-rah tu-wa
pink merah muda me-rah mu-da
dark green hijau tua hi-jaw tu-wa
light green hijau muda hi-jaw mu-da
dark blue biru tua bi-ru tu-wa
light blue biru muda bi-ru mu-da
dark brown cokelat tua cok-lat tu-wa
light brown cokelat muda cok-lat mu-da

Another kind of color is the combination of 2 or more primary colors. In English, it is recognized by suffix "-ish", such as bluish yellow and reddish green. On the table below are how Indonesian says each.

ENGLISH BAHASA INDONESIA SYLLABLE
bluish red merah kebiruan me-rah ke-bi-ru-wan
reddish blue biru kemerahan bi-ru ke-me-ra-han
yellowish green hijau kekuningan hi-jaw ke-ku-ni-ngan
greenish yellow kuning kehijauan ku-ning ke-hi-jau-wan

For some colors which are reflected by particular things in the world, such as the white of bone, the blue of sky, the red of rose, Indonesian recognizes them by mentioning the color first followed by the thing. These kind of expression simply refers to the color which is only reflected by the thing mentioned. Here are some examples.

ENGLISH BAHASA INDONESIA SYLLABLE
sky blue biru langit bi-ru la-ngit
grass green hijau daun hi-jaw da-wun
bone white putih tulang pu-tih tu-lang
blood red merah darah me-rah da-rah
rose red merah mawar me-rah ma-war