As the title suggests, this lesson emphasizes the names of colors in bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian).
Here are some basic colors or also known as primary colors
For the more specific colors, Indonesian recognizes terms "tua" to refers to dark colors and "muda" to refers to light colors. Let's see some examples.
|dark red||merah tua||me-rah tu-wa|
|pink||merah muda||me-rah mu-da|
|dark green||hijau tua||hi-jaw tu-wa|
|light green||hijau muda||hi-jaw mu-da|
|dark blue||biru tua||bi-ru tu-wa|
|light blue||biru muda||bi-ru mu-da|
|dark brown||cokelat tua||cok-lat tu-wa|
|light brown||cokelat muda||cok-lat mu-da|
Another kind of color is the combination of 2 or more primary colors. In English, it is recognized by suffix "-ish", such as bluish yellow and reddish green. On the table below are how Indonesian says each.
|bluish red||merah kebiruan||me-rah ke-bi-ru-wan|
|reddish blue||biru kemerahan||bi-ru ke-me-ra-han|
|yellowish green||hijau kekuningan||hi-jaw ke-ku-ni-ngan|
|greenish yellow||kuning kehijauan||ku-ning ke-hi-jau-wan|
For some colors which are reflected by particular things in the world, such as the white of bone, the blue of sky, the red of rose, Indonesian recognizes them by mentioning the color first followed by the thing. These kind of expression simply refers to the color which is only reflected by the thing mentioned. Here are some examples.
|sky blue||biru langit||bi-ru la-ngit|
|grass green||hijau daun||hi-jaw da-wun|
|bone white||putih tulang||pu-tih tu-lang|
|blood red||merah darah||me-rah da-rah|
|rose red||merah mawar||me-rah ma-war|