You are suggested to read The Alphabet before reading this lesson. This one is about how vocal and consonant letters are pronounced in bahasa Indonesia. This lesson is a bit tricky, but it is easy.
Just like in English, in bahasa Indonesia, there are 5 vocal letters that exist. They are: a, e, i, o, and u. Especially for letter e, bahasa Indonesia recognizes 2 diacritics. The first diacritical e is pronounced 'é or ɛ', while the second diacritical is pronounced 'ə'.
|e||elang (əlang)||rem (rém)||sate (saté)|
There are 21 consonants that exist in bahasa Indonesia. They are those except 5 vocal letters. The interesting point here is that some consonant letters are pronounced differently based on their position in a word. Be careful of consonants on the table below when they come into the middle and the ending of a word. In some cases, they have special sound.
Two Consonants Coincided
For words that contain 'ng', 'kh', 'ny', and 'sy', each should be placed (united) in one syllable.
|ng||ngantuk||pangan||dalang||ngan-tuk | pa-ngan | da-lang|
|kh||khusus||akhir||-||khu-sus | a-khir|
|ny||nyata||senyap||-||nya-ta | se-nyap|
|sy||syawal||musyawarah||-||sya-wal | mu-sya-wa-rah|